VISAS & TYPES OF RESIDENCIES IN SLOVAKIA

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VISAS

Slovak Republic is part of the Schengen Area. With Schengen visa, you can freely enter Slovakia without need of any additional visa and move between the individual member states without any border control. If you plan to stay in Slovakia for maximum 90 days within any 180 days period, you are fine with Schengen visa. Here you can check if your country has a visa-free regime. And of course if you’re an EU citizen, you can stay without any other conditions and formalities.

If you plan to stay in Slovakia  for a period longer than 90 days in any 180-day period, it is necessary to apply for one of the following residence types. This allows you to stay in Slovakia as well as to travel freely in other Schengen area states. 

STAY OF A THIRD COUNTRY NATIONAL

TEMPORARY RESIDENCE PERMIT

Temporary residence is granted for a certain period of time (this can vary depending on the purpose) and is granted for a specific purpose – business, employment, seasonal work, studies, special activity, research and development, family reunion, work obligations within the Civil Armed Police Forces, granted status of a Slovak national living abroad, or granted status of a long-term resident in another European Union Member State). It can be extended repeatedly. You submit the application either at the diplomatic mission of the Slovak Republic in your country or, if you reside in Slovakia, at the Foreign Police Department competent for your place of residence. They have 90 days for processing your application. 

Documents that need to be submitted with your application in person:

  • Official application in Slovak language
  • Valid passport
  • Two photos in color (3 × 3.5 cm)
  • Document that proves the purpose of residence
  • Certificate of No Criminal Record
  • Document that proves you have accommodation in Slovakia for at least 6 months
  • Document on financial coverage of your residence in the amount of monthly life minimum for each month of your residence, if the length of residence exceeds 1 year amounting to 12-times the monthly life minimum; in case of a minor this amount reduces by half;
  • Financial coverage of business activity (applicable only for the purpose of business) documented by a business bank account balance confirmation amounting to 20-times the monthly life minimum in case of a sole trader and amounting to 100-times the monthly life minimum in case of an executive of a commercial company; 
  • Administrative fee in the form of a fee stamp 

The documents cannot be older than 90 days  and all documents from abroad must be officially authenticated (apostille or superlegalization) and if they are in a foreign language they must be officially translated to Slovak language.

Once you get the temporary residence, you have to actually enter Slovakia within 180 days from its granting. Once in Slovakia, don’t forget to report the beginning of your residence at the Foreign Police within 3 working days from your entry to Slovakia and to choose a health insurance plan within 3 working days from collecting the residence document. Other important deadlines are to inform the Foreign Police about your health insurance in Slovakia and submitting them a medical report not older than 30 days, confirming you do not suffer from a disease endangering public health within 30 days from collecting the residence document.

For an appointment with the foreign police, we recommend using advance booking system

PERMANENT RESIDENCE PERMIT

Permanent residence permit is granted for 5 years, for an unlimited period or as  a long-term residence permit. It enables you to perform activities almost in the same scope as for the Slovak citizens.  

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Permanent residence for 5 years 

You can apply for a permanent residence if you are a spouse of Slovak citizen and reside in Slovakia, or are a dependent relative of a Slovak citizen and reside in Slovakia, or an unmarried child under the age of 18 in care of a foreigner who is the spouse of a Slovak citizen and resides in Slovakia or of a foreigner who has a permanent residency permit for 5 years. 

Documents that need to be submitted with your application in person:

  • Official application in Slovak language
  • Valid passport
  • Two photos in color (3 × 3.5 cm)
  • Document that proves the purpose of application: marriage certificate issued in Slovakia and proof of the spouse’s permanent residence in Slovakia 
  • Criminal Registry Extract from the country of your origin and the countries where you resided in the last 3 years for more than 90 days during 6 consecutive months
  • Document on financial coverage of your residence in Slovakia in the amount of 12-times the statutory life minimum
  • Document about your accommodation in Slovakia
  • Administrative fee in the form of a fee stamp – exemption for spouses of Slovak citizens and dependent relatives in direct line. 

Again, the documents cannot be older than 90 days  and all documents from abroad must be officially authenticated (apostille or superlegalization) and if they are in a foreign language they must be officially translated to Slovak language.

For an appointment with the foreign police, we recommend using advance booking system

Once you get the permanent residence for five years, you have to actually enter Slovakia within 180 days from its granting. Once in Slovakia, don’t forget to report the beginning of your residence at the Foreign Police within 3 working days from your entry to Slovakia and to choose a health insurance plan within 3 working days from collecting the residence document. Other important deadlines are to inform the Foreign Police about your health insurance in Slovakia and submitting them a medical report not older than 30 days, confirming you do not suffer from a disease endangering public health within 30 days from collecting the residence document.

Permanent residence for an unlimited time period 

This type of residence is for those who  held the permanent residence for five years at least for a period of 4 years or for a child under the age of 18 of a foreigner with permanent residence for an unlimited time period.

Long-term residence permit

This type of residence permit serves those who have legally resided in Slovakia for at least 5 continuous years directly prior to the submission of their application, or have had a  5-year legal uninterrupted residence in the territory of an EU Member State as a Blue Card holder and have resided in Slovakia as a Blue Card holder for at least 2 years directly prior to the submission of the application, or their long-term residence previously expired due to obtaining long-term residence in another EU Member State, due to the fact that they resided outside the territory of Slovakia for a period of 6 years, or due to the fact that they resided outside the territory of the EU for 12 or 24 consecutive months.

TOLERATED STAY

The tolerated residence is for those  who cannot leave Slovakia and at the same time they do not meet the conditions for granting another type of residence. It is granted for a maximum of 180 days and you can apply for a repeated extension. Based on this permit, you can reside in Slovakia and also work but not to do business. 

EU CITIZENS

RESIDENCE REGISTRATION OF AN EU CITIZEN

Even if you’re staying shorter than 90 days, you still need to report your stay after the first 10 days from entering Slovakia. If you are staying more than 90 days, you are required to register as a resident within 30 days after the first 90 days of your stay elapse. You register at the Foreign Police competent in the area of your residence. 

When you submit your registration, you receive immediately a document of registration for a residence permit from the police. Once your application is processed within 30 days, the police issues a plastic card stating your residence in Slovakia, which you can then use as a valid ID in the country (Pobytový preukaz občana EÚ). You can speed up the process and get the card issued within two days for a higher fee.

Documents that need to be submitted with your application in person:

  • A valid ID or passport
  • Two photos in color (3 × 3.5 cm)
  • Proof of address
  • Proof of your purpose of staying in Slovakia.

For an appointment with the foreign police, we recommend using advance booking system

PERMANENT RESIDENCE PERMIT OF AN EU CITIZEN

After the first five years of your stay in the country without any break, you can register for permanent residence in Slovakia.  As a result you will get a permanent residency permit with a validity of 10 years. 

For more detailed information, check the official IOM website or the official Foreign Police website

Source: Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic, IOM Migration and Information Centre, The Slovak Spectator

Author: Zuzana Mýtna

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